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The Closed Captioning Handbook

AVAILABILITY (updated 7/13/2011): The publisher allowed the book to go out of print for a while, but it appears to be available once again.

The Closed Captioning Handbook is a detailed guide to closed captioning technology for engineers and other broadcast professionals, released in April of 2004 from Focal Press (an imprint of Elsevier).

The book contains detailed coverage of captioning technology for engineers, up-to-date analysis of captioning law, a comprehensive glossary, an annotated history of captioning, and much more. The Closed Captioning Handbook covers everything you need to know about closed captioning, including digital television, DVD subtitling, Web site accessibility, and troubleshooting for both consumer and professional captioning equipment.

Whether you're a station manager, a video engineer, a realtime captioner, a video or caption editor, or a consumer, there's something in this book for you.

Review

"It's safe to say [The Closed Captioning Handbook] will be a 'biblical' tome for captioning—this book will always be referenced by those in the captioning industry in the years to come."
 - Philip Bravin,
   former Chairman, Gallaudet University Board of Trustees

Table of Contents


  • Foreword by Philip W. Bravin
  • Preface and Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
    • Conventions Used in This Book
    • A Note on Sample Code
  • Chapter 1: Why Closed Captioning?
    • Defining Terminology
    • An Overview of Line 21 Closed Captioning
    • Captioning Symbols and Logos
  • Chapter 2: A Brief History of Captioning
  • Chapter 3: Captioning Styles and Conventions
    • Measuring Quality
    • Mixed-Case vs. All Uppercase
    • Verbatim vs. Edited Captions
    • Conventions in Caption Presentation
  • Chapter 4: Captioning Law
    • The Americans with Disabilities Act
    • The Television Decoder Circuitry Act
    • The Telecommunications Act of 1996
    • Emergency Captioning
    • Rehabilitation Act of 1998, Section 508
    • Captioning Complaints
  • Chapter 5: Consumer Captioning Equipment
    • Connecting Equipment
    • Captions on Consumer Televisions
    • Making Captions Work with VCRs
    • Making Captions Work with DVD Players
    • Caption Readers and Decoders for Computers
  • Chapter 6: Troubleshooting
    • Consumer Troubleshooting
    • Broadcast Troubleshooting
  • Chapter 7: Line 21 Technical Details
    • The Line 21 Waveform
    • The Line 21 Character Set
    • Text Attributes
    • Caption Display Area
    • Preamble Address Codes (PACs)
    • Decoder Memories and Caption Styles
    • Roll-Up Captioning
    • Pop-On Captioning
    • Paint-On Captioning
    • Text Mode
  • Chapter 8: Encoding Equipment
    • Encoder Modes
    • Open Captioning and Character Generators
    • Encoder Form Factors
    • Encoder Interfaces
    • DTV Encoders (Servers) and Transcoders
    • XDS Encoders
    • Caption Bridges and Relocation
    • Handling Multiple Lines and Fields
    • Software Encoding
  • Chapter 9: Decoding Equipment
    • Consumer vs. Broadcast Decoders
    • Decoder Chips
    • Data Recovery Decoders
  • Chapter 10: Online Captioning Overview
    • Working with Scripts
    • Autofeed
    • "Typed Realtime"
    • Stock Captions
    • Online Captioning Software
  • Chapter 11: Realtime Stenocaptioning
    • Stenotype Theory
    • Fingerspelling
    • Writing Numbers
    • Punctuation and Speaker Identification
    • Control and Editing Strokes
    • Conflict Resolution
    • Automatic Conflict Resolution
    • Obscenities in Captioning
    • Stenotype Keyboards
    • Translation Dictionaries
    • Bloopers
  • Chapter 12: Realtime Voice Writing
    • Why Voice Writing?
    • Voice Writing vs. Stenocaptioning
    • The Training Process
    • Punctuation and Speaker Identification
    • Speech Recognition Engines
    • History of Voice Writing
  • Chapter 13: Offline and Nonlinear Captioning
    • Linear vs. Nonlinear
    • System Configurations
    • File Manipulation
    • Editing
    • Validation
  • Chapter 14: Caption Placement Strategies
    • Placement Objectives
    • Dealing with Air-Time Graphics and Crawls
    • Historical Considerations
    • Nonbroadcast Options
  • Chapter 15: Caption Timing
    • Timing Objectives
    • Timecodes
    • Concerns at the Start
    • Assigning Timecodes to Captions
    • Timing Multiple Caption Streams
    • Asynchronous Data
  • Chapter 16: DTV Captioning
    • Bandwidth
    • DTVCC Caption Windows
    • Character Formatting in DTVCC
    • DTVCC Layering Model
    • Legacy Captioning
  • Chapter 17: Captioning on DVDs
    • DVD Subtitles
    • Line 21 on a DVD
    • Ripping and Fansubs
  • Chapter 18: Other Line 21 Data
    • ITV Links
    • XDS Data
    • V-Chip
    • Content Filters
  • Chapter 19: Captions in Internet Streaming & Computer Media
    • A Historical Perspective
    • Captions in Today's Media Players
    • SAMI
    • SMIL
    • Software Tools
    • Captioning Live Streaming Video
    • Proprietary Streaming Systems
  • Chapter 20: Designing Accessible Web Sites
    • Fundamentals of Accessibility
    • Images
    • Video
    • Audio
    • Macromedia Flash
    • Embedded Programming
    • Is Attractive Layout Incompatible with Accessibility?
  • Chapter 21: Movie Theater Captioning
    • Open Captions
    • Dedicated Caption Signs
    • Rear Window Captioning
    • Bounce-Back System
    • Personal Captioning Systems
  • Chapter 22: CART & Live Event Captioning
    • CART Display Options
    • CART Interaction
    • CART vs. Sign Language
    • CART vs. Electronic Note Taking
    • Live Event Captioning
  • Chapter 23: Video Description for the Blind
    • Guidelines for Producing Audio Description
    • Audio Description Icons
    • Legal Mandates
    • Key Companies and Organizations
  • Chapter 24: Language Issues in Line 21
    • Character Sets
  • Appendix 1: Captioning Equipment Vendors
    • Hardware Vendors
    • Software Vendors
  • Appendix 2: Captioning Service Providers
    • United States
    • Australia
    • Canada
    • Germany
    • New Zealand
    • Spain
    • United Kingdom
    • Venezuela
  • Appendix 3: Captioning Resources Online
    • General Closed Captioning Information
    • Captioning Products and Services
    • Broadcasting Associations and Standards Bodies
    • Deafness
    • Disabilities Rights and ADA
    • Stenocaptioning and CART
    • Voice Writing and Speech Recognition
    • Related Government Sites
    • Audio Description
  • Appendix 4: Standards Documents
  • Glossary
  • Index
Closed Captioning Handbook cover

 
The Closed Captioning Handbook
by Gary D. Robson
ISBN 9780240805610
403 pages
Trade softcover
2004 Focal Press

 
Sample Chapter
PDF

(1.8 Mb PDF)